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flattened oval body wingless and measure 4-7 mm long.
Shiny brownish color, they swell after a blood meal and then turn dark brown.
There are three stages in the bug life cycle: egg, nymph and adult.
White, eggs are about 1 mm long.
The nymph looks the same as adults, but it is smaller.
When these insects are numerous, they produce a distinctive odor.
This insect is not always easy to detect because it is active mainly at night.
During the day, it lies near the seams of the mattress (even if it is a water bed).
When the infestation progresses or that humans or animals are no longer accessible, they go hunting for food.
They can hide in small cracks, inside walls, behind baseboards or in any hidden space.
They will lay their eggs around the bed, on the mattress, on furniture, on the floor or inside the walls.
The lack of prey leads to dispersion of the bug. So when the bugs are present in one room with people who regularly sleep there
they will tend to remain there. But, if the people move from the room, the bugs will disperse in the whole house or even elsewhere
in the building. When their number grows, they will start looking for other food sources.
Although they are slower than cockroaches, they will follow pipes or wires and go through walls to travel between apartments, they can even travel between houses.
Removal or displacement of articles already infested (furniture, bedding, clothing, suitcases for a hotel, etc.) of an inhabited place to another is the
main way of spreading bedbugs.
• Minimum temperature for development: 13 ° C
• lethal temperatures: Low: -16 ° C constant for 4 days. Max: 50 ° C for 3 hours.
• Prefers human blood by far but would settle for a warm-blooded animal.
• Their meals take 3 to 12 minutes.
• Under certain conditions, an adult bedbug can survive one year without feeding.
For most people, the bites result in the formation of small reddish lesions which will develop into red hardened bumps.
You can often notice a small red dot on the bite where they injected their anesthetic. Those bites causes severe itching,
They are more symptomatic in the morning and the intensity of the redness and itching decreases during the day.
The lesions occur mostly on exposed arms, legs and back.
The lesions will usually disappear after two weeks.
The infestation can be confirmed by the discovery, in potential hiding places, of bedbugs, live insects, molts, eggs or droppings.
These can also be visible as small black or dark brown spots on the sheets or the mattress, often at the seams.
Vacuuming is a very effective method to remove bedbugs. It is recommended to vacuum mattresses and box springs particularly at the seams, folds and bed’s infested structures.
If the outer envelope of the mattress is torn, the bed bugs may have infiltrated inside. If this is the case, the mattress should be covered with a bed bugs protector to prevent their spread.
It is also necessary to vacuum the floor and where it is suspected that the bugs are hiding.
Make sure to get rid of the vacuum cleaner’s bag immediately without opening it. Put it in a sealed plastic bag and throw it out in an exterior bin ideally.
If you sleep in a place frequented by many travelers as a hotel, you can lift the bed sheets to see if there are little black dots,
brown or black on the mattress. If you see that or yellow skins left when they grow and molt, it means there are bed bugs and you should ask for another room.
Depending on the degree of infestation (to be determined by an exterminator) treatments can be applied in houses but should be administered by experts to ensure that all sources of infection are eliminated.
The use of pesticides is not sufficient in itself to solve a Bed Bug problem. Make sure you hire specialists they will guide you through the process.
Improper use of pesticides will push the Bugs towards other rooms or apartments and may harm your health.
Never throw away infested furniture, they can be treated. If you still wish to get rid of them, you must destroy them and make them unusable.
Bedding (pillow cases, sheets, mattress covers, etc.) and clothing should be washed with hot water and soap. The bedding should be placed directly
in the washing machine from a plastic bag to prevent the spreading of bedbugs in the laundry room and around the building.
Once the washing is done, you can put the sheets back on a mattress that has been protected by a bed bug encasement. The rest of the bags of clothes should not be opened for the duration of the treatment.
Everything you have in drawers or closets must be placed in a sealed plastic bag to avoid re-infestation.
. These are only parts of the treatment and you should follow all directions the pest control company will give you
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